Genre, âge, catégorie professionnelle, secteur économique et santé mentale en milieu de travail : les résultats de l’étude SALVEO

Alain Marchand, Marie-Eve Blanc, Pierre Durand


OBJECTIVES: This article examined the contribution of gender, age, occupation and economic sector on psychological distress, depression and burnout.

METHODS: The data came from the SALVEO study carried out in 2009– 2012 among 2,162 workers employed in 63 Canadian workplaces. Multilevel logistic regression models were estimated on the total sample and separately for men and women.

RESULTS: The prevalences of psychological distress, depression and burnout were 23.8%, 5.8% and 3.9% respectively. Mental health problems varied between workplaces, but variations between workplaces were stronger for burnout. Differences between men and women were significant only for psychological distress, depression, and emotional exhaustion. Unskilled workers were found more at risk for depression and burnout. Associations among age, occupation and economic sector were not the same between genders.

CONCLUSION: Results from the SALVEO study highlight important mental health problems in workers that vary between workplaces, and that differences in symptomatology are associated with gender, age, occupation and economic sector. Gender reveals differentiated profiles of relationships. These results point towards the development of targeted approaches to the prevention of and intervention on mental health problems in workplaces.


Prevalence; mental health; gender; multilevel analyses; occupations; economic sector

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