The CYRM-12: A Brief Measure of Resilience

Linda Liebenberg, Michael Ungar, John C. LeBlanc


OBJECTIVES: This article details the reduction of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) from a 28-item to a 12-item measure. The CYRM-28 is a measure of youth resilience that accounts for cultural and contextual diversity across youth populations. A reduced version of the CYRM is better suited to inclusion in omnibus surveys.

METHODS: Data from two samples of youth from Atlantic Canada are included in the analysis: a) a sample of multiple-service-using youth (n=122; mean age = 18); b) a school-based sample of youth (n=1494; mean age = 15).

RESULTS: Three iterations of an Exploratory Factor Analysis were conducted on data from the first sample of youth to identify items for inclusion in the CYRM-12. In the third analysis, a varimax rotated factor analysis of the 12 items resulted in a four-factor solution, with 10 of the items loading well. Reliability of this grouping of questions is satisfactory (α=0.754). Confirmatory factor analysis was then conducted on the second sample of youth. A satisfactory fit was obtained (χ2 (51, N=1540) = 255.419, p=0.0001; Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index = 0.960; Comparative Fit Index = 0.957; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = 0.050). Cronbach’s Alpha for the 12 items was also satisfactory (α=0.840).

CONCLUSION: Results show sufficient content validity of the CYRM-12 to merit its use as a screener for resilience processes in the lives of adolescents.


Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM); adolescents; adversity; validity; risk; positive development

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